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Guide to Compare and Contrast Essay Writing

All your student life, you are expected to write different essays. You are expected to follow through with what is required and then work your way through things in the best possible way. However, many students need help with writing essays. They struggle to understand the requirements, which is why they often seek help. One such essay is a compare and contrast essay. To know more about the details of compare and contrast essay, continue reading!

What Is a Compare and Contrast Essay?

This essay requires you to highlight similarities and differences between two or more subjects. Then, you are required to study the two concepts highlighted and focus on what makes them similar to each other and what makes them different from each other. The idea is to make sure you study things in detail to understand them well. 

The best part about a compare and contrast essay is that it allows you to understand each topic in much more detail. In addition, it allows you to work your way through things by researching in detail and doing what is required of you. 

In this guide, you will get to know more about what a compare and contrast essay is and will also learn all about a few tips that will help you write one

Purpose of a Compare and Contrast Essay 

A compare and contrast essay helps you study two subjects in great detail. By learning about the similarities and differences in each, you learn more about these things. You can only point out the similarities and differences between two concepts when you study both in detail. By doing so, you can polish your analytical skills and understand how important it is to consider several factors when doing compare-and-contrast essays. Tips on how to write a compare and contrast essay outline will help. 

More often than not, compare and contrast essays are written when two topics are confused. They are written when people don’t understand how these topics are related to each other. Therefore, it is important to understand why people confuse these two; that is where your essay comes in. You should write so that anyone confused about two topics can easily read your essay and better understand how things are done correctly. 

The main difference between a compare and contrast essay and any other like an argumentative one is that these deal with multiple topics at once. The only way to analyze two topics in detail is when they are studied in a particular way. In single-topic essays, you need to focus on one thing and then easily progress with that topic by finding out more about it. On the other hand, compare and contrast essays are ones where you have to deal with two topics, which means that you have to work on both ideas simultaneously, with the main idea being that you have to highlight the differences between the two.  Here is another interesting article with tip, also compare and contrast essay topics for 2023.


  • ⭐️ Block method – discuss one subject in full and then move on to the next subject.
  • ⭐️ ⭐️ Alternating method – discuss one subject’s take on a certain aspect and then another subject’s take immediately afterward, followed by a new aspect.
  • ⭐️ ⭐️ ⭐️ Similarities and differences – discuss all the similarities between your subjects and then all the differences, or vice versa

Steps in Writing a Compare and Contrast Essay 

Now you know what a compare and contrast essay is and why you are made to write these, it is best you also move towards understanding how to write a compare and contrast essay in the best way possible. To write one, there are two main things that you need to focus on. These are the thesis and the structure of the essay. 

  • Thesis

This is when you have to choose the two subjects that you will be comparing. This is not easy. You will only be able to work your way through things when the two things you are talking about are related. You must conduct ample research if you have to choose the two topics yourself. You need to pick the best topics there are. 

Let’s understand this better with the help of an example. Say you have to compare a Dell and an HP laptop. This is a technical compare and contrast essay where you will have to highlight the similarities and differences between these two laptops. They fall into the same category. 

  • Structure 

You must follow a logical structure to write a compare and contrast essay. When you do so, it allows you to make your thoughts flow more coherently. Start with an introduction where you first discuss the topic in detail. This needs to be the most gripping part of your essay. In this part, you need to hook the reader, so they are interested in moving ahead too. This is also the part where you have to write your thesis also. In the body, you have to list down similarities and differences. This is the main part of the essay, so you must ensure that you do it well. Then you have to write the conclusion, summarize your main points and bring the essay to a logical end. 

When structuring a compare and contrast essay, you can follow whichever structure you like, unlike in International Baccalaureate essays. The idea is to work with what you are comfortable with. You can choose to go with the block method or the alternating method. In the block method, you discuss one subject thoroughly and then move on to the next. Then in the alternating one, you need to discuss one point in detail and then move on to the next, alternating between one concept and the other based on what works for you. When writing about similarities and differences, you can choose how you want to work through things. You can go for similarities first and differences later, or both simultaneously. 

Writing Process for Compare and Contrast Essays 

When writing compare and contrast essay, here are a few steps that you have to follow. 

  • Brainstorming 

The first step is to come up with different ideas that you have to work with. Start by writing down whatever comes to your mind. This is one of the most important things you have to do. 

  • Preparation

Next, start preparing for your essay. Come up with a methodology you will follow- decide if you’re going to go with the block method or the alternating method. You need to go with what is most comfortable for you. 

  • Drafting 

Then, you need to write a rough draft. This mainly involves you coming up with an outline and then writing about things in more detail which allows your thoughts to flow more smoothly. 

  • Revising 

Now that you have your first draft, you can work on revising and improving on areas you think you lack. This will help you work your way through writing your essay more smoothly. 

  • Proofreading 

Lastly, work on proofreading and editing once you’re done with your final draft. It is important to edit your essay to check for any mistakes you might have made while writing. This is one of the most important parts of your essay that will help you make your final draft much stronger. 

➡️ get help with your compare and contrast essay ⬅️


These steps will help you work your way through things correctly. Before you start working on one, go through compare and contrast essay examples online. When you see how others have written these essays, you will get a better idea of how you can write one. This will allow you also to get ideas for what you must work on. 


Now that you know how to write a compare-and-contrast essay, you can begin writing your own!

Laura Orta

Laura Orta is an avid author on Writing Metier's blog. Before embarking on her writing career, she practiced media law in one of the local media. Aside from writing, she works as a private tutor to help students with their academic needs. Laura and her husband share their home near the ocean in northern Portugal with two extraordinary boys and a lifetime collection of books.

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