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Parts of Capstone Project 🧩

Skills like critical thinking, problem-solving, oral communication, research, media literacy, cooperation, planning, independence, and goal setting are just a few of the many that capstone projects aim to instill in their students. In addition, students are expected to draw upon and apply skills and information from various academic disciplines and areas of study to complete the capstone projects. Students are also strongly encouraged to include real-world learning experiences such as interviews, scientific observations, and internships in their capstone projects.

Capstone Project Structure 

Parts of a Scientific & Scholarly Paper

Different scientific publications need different quantities of detail depending on the nature of the investigation (lab reports, literature reviews, systematic reviews, methods papers, research papers, etc.). Integration of STEM with the humanities and social sciences may be necessary for specific undertakings. You should add this, though, as it is the rule rather than the exception:

  • Title

Titles have the dual roles of revealing the paper’s central argument and drawing the reader in. In other words, a good title includes everything. 

  • Abstract

The abstract serves as a condensed overview of the whole book. Even if a reader skims the abstract, they should understand what the article is about and its most important points. Typically, they last only a short time (250 words or less).

  • Introduction

In the introduction, you should tell the reader why they should care about the body of the piece and provide them with enough background information so they can evaluate your work without more research.

  • Methods

The reader will often learn how your project was carried out in the methodology section.

  • “Materials and Methods” is another term.
  • Make your project replicable. A thorough methods section lets other researchers replicate your findings.
  • Use precise terminology like a cookbook recipe.
  • Please explain any equipment, process, chemical, or statistical analysis deviations.
  • Past tense.
  • Styles and magazines dictate subheadings (APA, Vancouver, etc.)


The results of a project are an objective account of what you learned. Your wording should refer readers to the tables and figures in the supporting material for the relevant data. A well-written results section should not be mistaken for a discussion. The results section is where you provide the actual data; any interpretation should go into the discussion. When describing your results, please utilize the past tense.

  • Discussion

You’ll find the answer to the issue you raised in the introduction in the section devoted to debate. Interpreting your results is the next step. You have a great deal of flexibility in this regard. Using your findings, you should do more than make conclusions.

Capstone Project Components 

A. Research Component 

A project’s research phase comprises, but is not limited to, the following activities: gathering pertinent data, recording such data, and analyzing said data/information in line with proper procedures set by pertinent academic areas and professional domains.

B. Analysis Component 

The principal component analysis is often used to analyze the data better while maintaining as much of the data as feasible and to present the data in as many dimensions as possible.

C. Synthesis Component 

To perform dynamic analysis, like modal analysis, on the entire structure, component mode synthesis (CMS), component modal synthesis [Hintz 75], or modal coupling technique [Maia 97] is used when components (substructures) are described by the mode displacement method (MDM) and coupled together (synthesis) via the common boundaries x b.

D. Reflection Component

Through self-reflection, researchers learn to identify and assess the impact of their conceptual frameworks on their work.

Capstone Project Requirements 

A. Specific Guidelines and Standards 

Please follow these formatting guidelines.

  • Portrait-mode letter-sized paper.
  • 1-inch top-bottom-and-side margins
  • 1.25 lines and one column
  • Font size 11–12
  • Use dark blue or black font only.
  • Left-justify paragraphs except for the main page.
  • Separate paragraphs with space or indent the first line.
  • Number the proposal body.
  • Use tables and figures with descriptions and numbers.
  • Table and figure captions must be one line.
  • At least one table or figure caption number must exist in the proposal.
  • One page per table and figure. 

B. Length and Format 

Capstone projects are built on the same foundational abilities as those required to finish a thesis or dissertation. For a student to develop a researchable theory, hypothesis, and problem statement, they must first think about the basics of research.

MacCarty contends that there are numerous similarities between a thesis and a capstone project, even though they are two different types of academic writing. “More time and detail” is needed for a master’s thesis.

C. Required Elements and Components

Different scientific publications need different quantities of detail depending on the nature of the investigation (lab reports, literature reviews, systematic reviews, methods papers, research papers, etc.). Integration of STEM with the humanities and social sciences may be necessary for specific undertakings. You should add this, though, as it is the rule rather than the exception:

  • INTRODUCTION (Background)
  • METHODS SECTION (Materials and Methods)
  • Conclusion 

➡️ get help with your capstone project ⬅️

How Long is a Capstone Project 

A. Timeframe and Deadlines 

The total time spent on your Capstone Project, including any necessary modifications and peer reviews, should take between four and eight weeks. Therefore, there should be 40 hours allotted to do a capstone project.

B. Preparation and Planning 

In the final Capstone Project of a planning course, students apply what they’ve learned to a situation they’ve encountered in the real world. In addition, the second-year MUP students enter into one-year consulting arrangements with outside customers to help them solve planning issues.

C. Balancing Other Responsibilities

Under the guidance of their teachers, students will choose a topic and write a proposal to be submitted to the school’s music education department. Work on a student’s Capstone Project may begin if given the green light. The student must submit a proposal to the department two weeks into the semester in which the capstone is to be completed. Student projects will be detailed in a five-page proposal introduced in style outlined below for review and approval. Once final capstone projects are finished and deemed appropriate, the Department of Music Education will preserve them for future reference.


Conclusion and summary of Key Points 

Through the Capstone Project, students may show they have mastered foundational skills for their chosen field while exploring areas of interest. The research and practical application components of students’ capstone projects (CPs) will be driven by their interests. Every Capstone project, whether done in a classroom, studio, or community setting, has the same overarching goal: to assist students in drawing a solid line between classroom theory and real-world application. Ideas for Capstone Projects will emerge from students’ coursework and experiences. There isn’t just one format for a scholarly thesis (video, online, conventional text, media). Studies of instructional practices, curricula, and pedagogical practices are all included. 

Final Thoughts and Recommendations 

 A quality capstone project ought to:

  1. Clarify and reframe a music teaching topic;
  2. Show how you used your skills in your job or study;
  3. Frame your study within accepted academic theories and explicitly state your research topics;
  4. Provide inquiry-based reasoning for curricular and instructional change and adaptation when conceptual statements are related to real conditions. 

Encouragement for Successful Completion.

The capstone project is the climax of a student’s education (high school capstone project) and often incorporates themes and concepts throughout their studies. To evaluate a student’s capacity for independent work and self-directed inquiry, capstone projects must demonstrate how various graduate students have performed their research, broadened and extended their ideas, or used the approaches at hand. A Master of Music Education program’s last requirement, the Capstone Project, is meant to encourage students to put their theoretical knowledge into practice. Students’ abilities and knowledge are put to the test in the Capstone Project.

Laura Orta

Laura Orta is an avid author on Writing Metier's blog. Before embarking on her writing career, she practiced media law in one of the local media. Aside from writing, she works as a private tutor to help students with their academic needs. Laura and her husband share their home near the ocean in northern Portugal with two extraordinary boys and a lifetime collection of books.

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